Pregnancy follow-up is performed to assess the health of the expectant mother and the baby, to follow the development of the baby, to inform the parents, to determine the mode of delivery and to diagnose risky situations in the early period as a result of tests and to take precautions, immediately before getting pregnant in case of planned pregnancies and from the time of getting pregnant to the completion of the labor process in case of unplanned pregnancies.
The main objective of the pregnancy is to pass the pregnancy process without creating a problem, to make giving birth comfortable, to protect the health of the baby, and to provide to bring the mother together with her baby comfortably.
Under the scope of the pregnancy follow-up, the health status of the expectant mother and the baby are closely monitored; the development of the baby is determined at the gestational weeks; the risks that may occur during the pregnancy period are determined; and the health problems that may arise in the mother or the baby are anticipated and the measures are taken. Pregnancy follow-up includes processes such as informing the parents, preparing them for situations they can face, and educating expectant mothers.
How Often Are Pregnancy Follow-Up Performed?
The frequencies of pregnancy follow-up may change, because each pregnancy has its own characteristics. The pregnancy controls are performed every 2 – 3 weeks in the first 3 months of pregnancy. After the completion of the first three months (1st Trimester), the frequency of pregnancy controls is estimated as every 1 month. During 7 and 8 months of pregnancy, the frequency of pregnancy controls is increased by once in a week and the pregnancy follow-up is started to perform every week as of 9 months of pregnancy. These frequencies are valid for healthy and risk-free pregnancies. As mentioned earlier, the frequency of pregnancy follow-up controls is determined in terms of pregnancy.
Tests and Controls Performed Under Pregnancy Follow-Up
Blood tests are carried out to understand that the expectant mother does not have any hereditary disease immediately before or after the pregnancy occurs. Besides, complete blood count, complete urinalysis, rubella, HIV, Hepatitis B tests are completed; PAP Smear scan is performed if the smear time is reached, and the fasting blood glucose of the mother is measured.
Ultrasound imaging is performed during 6 – 14 weeks of pregnancy. A double test is applied to determine whether there are chromosomal abnormalities in the baby and the nuchal translucency measurement of the baby is performed.