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Genital Wart and HPV Infection

Genital Siğil ve HPV Enfeksiyonu

Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is a virus that has more than 100 species and can affect both men and women. HPV virus is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases and can seriously affect the health of the infected people. Some types of HPV do not cause any symptom in the person over the years, while other types may lead to genital warts and genital cancers.

What Is Genital Wart (Condyloma)?

Infectious genital warts can be defined as skin lesions caused by sexually transmitted HPV virus. The person can clearly identify genital warts if they occur in the vulva; but, they can be diagnosed during the gynecological examination because of the symptoms they cause when they appear in the rectum, vagina and cervix. Genital warts can occur weeks, months and even years after HPV virus is transmitted; some types may appear once, whereas others may repeat.

Although genital warts are usually benign, it is not correct to generalize that they become benign, because some of them may also be malign. Genital warts that can be seen in skin color or gray, small or clustered form make you feel the effect with various symptoms.

What Are The Symptoms Of Condyloma?

Genital warts can cause different symptoms depending on the region which are exposed to them. Genital warts, which are usually characterized by pruritus, can alter urine flow, can be observed perceptibly, can bleed and jeopardize the health of both the person and the sexual partner.

What Is Genital Wart? How Is HPV Transmitted?

Genital wart formation is caused by transmission of the HPV virus as mentioned earlier. Risk factors such as having an active sexual life, not being protected during sexual intercourse, polygamy and poor immune system increase the likelihood of transmission of HPV virus.

HPV virus should be considered as a health problem to be taken into account because it may cause genital warts and cancer as well as the baby to be affected when it occurs in the pregnant women.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Genital Warts

A comprehensive physical and gynecological examination is performed for the diagnosis of genital warts and rectum is examined. When necessary, PAP Smear is done, biopsy is performed  and HPV test is applied. In addition, gonorrhea, chlamydia and syphilis tests are also performed to detect the problem and then the treatment method is determined according to the person and the location of the warts.

Genital warts can be eliminated and managed, but HPV virus cannot be treated. People with suspected genital warts should immediately consult the diagnosis and treatment processes. Under the scope of genital warts;

  • Drug therapy can be applied.
  • Genital warts can be frozen with cryotherapy.
  • Warts can be eliminated with laser treatment.
  • Warts can be destroyed through electric current with electrocauterization.
  • Warts can be burned and removed from their lower parts with LEEP method.

We, as KADOMER, plan the diagnosis and treatment of the sexually transmitted HPV virus and the health problems caused by it, depending on the age, general health status, expectations of our patients and the structure and location of the warts.