Hysteroscopy, which provides a detailed visualization of the cervix and uterus, can be defined as a method that is mostly applied to investigate female infertility. Hysteroscopy can be performed for both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes, such as laparoscopy, which is another endoscopic method. Hysteroscopy method used alone or in combination with laparoscopy to diagnose infertility is a very safe procedure when applied by expert gynecologists.
When Is Hysteroscopy Required?
Hysteroscopy, which is usually performed to diagnose the causes of the menstrual period with irregular and excessive bleeding, can be applied in case of:
- Abnormality in the PAP Smear testresults,
- Suspected intrauterine adhesion,
- Complaints about post-menopausal bleeding
- Fibroid, polyp or scar tissue in the uterus
- Recurrent miscarriages and suspected infertility or
- Required uterine biopsy.
Therapeutic hysteroscopy is also commonly used nowadays. Hysteroscopy method can be applied to open adherence in the uterus and remove the uterine myomas or lesions.
How To Perform Hysteroscopy?
During the hysteroscopy, which can be performed with either local or general anesthesia in a hospital or a clinical setting, the vagina is opened with a special device called a speculum. At this stage, a swab sample is taken from women who do not have PAP Smear.
After opening the vagina, a special tool called hysteroscope is placed gently from the cervix into the uterus. Fluid is injected into the uterus so that it can be widened and visualized more easily. During the therapeutic hysteroscopy, surgery can be performed by attaching surgical instruments to the tip of the hysteroscope.
Advantages of Hysteroscopy
Hysteroscopy, which is one of the minimally invasive surgical methods, allows surgeons to enlarge and see inside the uterus in the monitor. Hysteroscopy can clearly visualize the shape of the uterus, the intrauterine membrane, the mass formation in the uterus and the openings in the fallopian tubes.
After hysteroscopy is completed, the patient can return home on the same day. The likelihood of post-operative complaints decreases as the experience of the experts increases and the healing process is shortened.
Hysteroscopy is not an appropriate diagnostic and treatment method for women with uterine cavity larger than 12 cm, endometrial cancer or endometrial hyperplasia and severe menstruation cramps.
We, as KADOMER, have been growing with you since 1995; we have continued to work to improve your health and quality of life with the experience of our experts and technological investments.